What is Visa Bulletin?

What is Visa Bulletin?

 Applicants Most Frequently Asked Question

Over the years, the number one question asked by those applying for U. S. immigrant visas has been: “When will my interview be?”. This question will undoubtedly dominate DV forums when the DV 2020 results are released in just over a week.

To answer this question, one is usually referred to the Visa Bulletin. So, what in essence is this “Visa Bulletin,” and how do you use it to know your approximate interview date?

The Visa Bulletin (VB)

The Visa Bulletin is simply a chart/table that provides information regarding interview dates for cases of immigration to the United States.

The Visa Bulletin is published by the Bureau of Consular Affairs of the U. S. State Department and appears on their official website around the middle of every month (officially), although sometimes it is delayed, and appears on the website later than the usual time.

The Visa Bulletin published in a given month is intended for, and named after the month that follows the month it is published. For example, the VB for October is published in September; the one for November is published in October; for December is published in November; for January, in December; etc.

The Visa Bulletin concerns all the different types of immigrant visa applications. In this article, however, we concern ourselves ONLY with the section of the Visa Bulletin related to the Diversity Immigrant Visa (DV) program.

DV Category of the Visa Bulletin

The DV Section of the Visa Bulletin (VB) displays up to what case number are to be interviewed in a two-consecutive-month period (considering the final case number interviewed the previous month). Simply put, it tells from what case number to what case number will be interviewed in the coming two months.

The DV Section, which is usually the final section of the three immigrant visa categories in the VB has two components, showing information for the two consecutive months that follow the month the VB is published.

The two components are:

  1. the DV Category for the Month of ______. (i.e. case numbers to be interviewed in the month immediately following the month the VB is released), and
  2. the DV Category rank cut-offs which will apply in the month of _______. (i.e. case numbers to be interviewed the month right after that).

Now, let’s go into that.

The first component in a given VB – Number 1 above – shows information for the month that immediately follows the month of publication of the VB in question – i.e. the month it is intended for and named after. Component 2 (Number 2 above), on the other hand provides the same type of information for the second month after the release of the VB in question.

More explanation

Component 1 in a given VB does not feature in the VB that follows. Component 2 in a given VB becomes Component 1 in the next VB, and the new Component 2 would be information about the next month in line. For example, the VB released in January (and referred to as “Visa Bulletin for February”), contains information for the month of February (and March).

Firstly, it will NOT show information about January, the month in which it was released (because it is NOT intended for that month). Instead, it will give information for February, the month it is inteded for (in its first component), and for March, the month that follows (in its second component). When the next VB is released in February, information about February will no longer feature on it. It’s now the “Visa Bulletin for March”, but will also highlight what is expected in April, and so on.

That is the sequence in which VBs are released. This allows a continuous “rolling out” of two consecutive months at a time, throughout the year.

To remember

  1. the VB provides information about immigrant visa interview dates
  2. it is published around the 15th of every month, but intended for and named after the following month
  3. the DV Category shows up to what case number is supposed to be interviewed in the next two months in each region
  4. it does not contain information about the month in which it is released
  5. it is rather about, and consequently contains information on:                                                                                                                    a. the month that immediately follows its month of release (in the first component)                                                                        b. the second month after its month of release (in the second component)

Summary of the most recent VBs from all regions

AFRICA

FISCAL YEAR20212020201920182017
SEPTCurrentCurrent39,500Current
AUGCurrentCurrentCurrentCurrent
JULCurrent;
Except
Egypt: 42,000
Current; Except
Egypt: 23,400
38,000Current
JUNCurrent;
Except
Egypt:
42,000
37,200; Except
Egypt: 21,110
28,300Current
MAY34,000;
Except
Egypt:  17,000
45,175;
Except
Egypt:
39,000
24,50024,800Current
APR22,000;
Except
Egypt:  13,000
41,000;
Except
Egypt:
30,700
18,90021,10034,900
MAR14,000;
Except
Egypt:  10,000
31,500;
Except
Egypt:
22,000
15,30017,70028,700
FEB12,000;
Except
Egypt:  7,200
25,000;
Except
Egypt:
16,000
13,80014,30028,700
JAN10,500;
Except
Egypt:  6,000
19,000;
Except
Egypt:
10,000
13,10013,00025,800
DEC7,000;
Except
Egypt:   4,000
12,0009,80010,00020,400
NOV5,100;
Except
Egypt:  3,300
5,6006,4008,60013,500
OCT2,900;
Except
Egypt: 
2,700
2,500;
Except
Egypt:
1,500
2,7508,5008,000

AMERICA, NORTH (BAHAMAS)

FISCAL YEAR20212020201920182017
SEPTCurrentCurrentCurrentCurrent
AUGCurrentCurrentCurrentCurrent
JULCurrentCurrent18Current
JUNCurrent1416Current
MAY8171314Current
APR716121010
MAR691287
FEB581266
JAN481255
DEC471144
NOV34933
OCT22422

AMERICA, SOUTH and the CARIBBEAN

FISCAL YEAR20212020201920182017
SEPTCurrentCurrent1,715Current
AUGCurrentCurrent1,585Current
JULCurrentCurrent1,425Current
JUNCurrent1,1501,275Current
MAY1,6501,8759001,100Current
APR1,4001,560875925900
MAR1,1751,300750800875
FEB8751,150625625825
JAN7501,075550500775
DEC550850475425650
NOV475600355325575
OCT350225150190400

ASIA

FISCAL YEAR20212020201920182017
SEPTCurrentCurrentCurrentCurrent
AUGCurrentCurrentCurrentCurrent
JULCurrent;
Except
Nepal: 13,500
Current;
Except
Nepal:
6,275
10,500Current
JUNCurrent;
Except
Nepal: 13,500
10,000;
Except
Nepal:
5,775
7,800Current
MAY13,000;
Except
Iran: 6,000
Nepal: 5,100
18,450;
Except
Iran:11,550
Nepal: 11,700
7,8006,425Current
APR9,000;
Except
Iran: 4,700
Nepal: 4,500
15,800;
Except
Iran:9,800
Nepal: 10,500
6,4005,3005,500
MAR6,200;
Except
Iran: 3,800
Nepal: 4,200
12,500;
Except
Iran:7,600
Nepal: 8,800
5,0004,4004,700
FEB5,000;
Except
Iran: 3,000
Nepal: 3,950
12,000;
Except
Iran: 6,500
Nepal: 7,575
4,4004,0504,700
JAN4,300;
Except
Iran: 2,400
Nepal: 2,825
8,200;
Except
Iran: 5,100
Nepal: 6,500
3,8003,4004,000
DEC3,500;
Except
Iran: 1,600       Nepal: 2,750
6,0002,9002,5003,500
NOV2,800;
Except
Iran: 1,300
Nepal: 2,700
3,5001,6001,7503,000
OCT1,600;
Except
Iran: 1,000
Nepal: 1,050
1,300;
Except
Iran: 750
Nepal: 1,000
1,0001,2002,100

EUROPE

FISCAL YEAR20212020201920182017
SEPTCurrentCurrent25,775Current
AUGCurrentCurrent23,325Current
JULCurrentCurrent21,900Current
JUNCurrent26,80020,300Current
MAY18,00030,00021,90018,050Current
APR12,00021,20018,50015,95022,100
MAR9,40021,00013,50013,80019,300
FEB8,20014,00010,00010,70018,000
JAN7,50010,3008,8008,20015,900
DEC6,0008,6006,6006,00014,000
NOV4,8006,0004,4004,50013,000
OCT2,5002,1002,0002,6008,500

OCEANIA

FISCAL YEAR20212020201920182017
SEPTCurrentCurrent1,450Current
AUGCurrentCurrent1,400Current
JULCurrentCurrent1,200Current
JUNCurrent1,0251,100Current
MAY1,4002,1509001,025Current
APR1,1001,975725875850
MAR9001,625550800800
FEB7251,350450615725
JAN6001,200350475650
DEC450800290400525
NOV350400200315475
OCT250175100185300

What are these numbers saying?

Let’s consider information for Fiscal Year 2019 in the Oceania chart just above, for example. The first cut-off number in FY 2019 in this chart (i.e. for October 2018) is 100. It means, during the month of October 2018, only case numbers below 100 were interviewed in the Oceania Region. For the month of November 2018, case numbers interviewed there were the ones found in the range 100 to less than 200 (i.e. 199). For December 2018, those from 200 to less than 290 (i.e. 289), and so on.

Note: The United States Fiscal Year runs from October 1st of one year to September 30th of the following year – and not January to December – as shown in the tables above.

What is meant by ‘a case number is current’

We say a case number is ‘current’ when it is the ‘turn’ for that case to be interviewed. We get to know the case numbers to become current (cases to be interviewed) by means of the Visa Bulletin released two months before the month of interview.

As the Visa Bulletin announces the case numbers to become current (cases to be interviewed) in two months’ time, the cases concerned are notified at that same time – two months to their interview.

For example, if a case is to be interviewed in October, that case is notified in August. The Visa Bulletin published in August includes the regional / country cut-offs for the month of October.

And all cases whose case numbers are BELOW the cut-off for the month of October are notified in August of their interview to be held in October. Those to be interviewed in November are informed in September. December interviews are notified in October; and so on – always two months ahead.

A case is scheduled for interview during the month that the Visa Bulletin says that case number will be current, provided such a case submitted their DS-260 form(s) AND their required documents several weeks – if not months – earlier.

Other VB realities to understand

You may have observed the word ‘Current’ in the tables above. Whenever that word appears in the Visa Bulletin for any region (that usually occurs in the second half of the fiscal year), it means interview in that region is open to all cases which have met the two requirements for being interviewed, namely they’ve submitted a complete and valid DS-260 application for each family member, and they’ve provided copies of all required documentation to the Kentucky Consular Center. We say that region is/has become current. When a region becomes current, case numbers no longer matter. What matters instead is being on record for having met both requirements spelled out above.

Another reality of the Visa Bulletin is regional exceptions (which are common in the Africa and Asia regions). This reality causes some countries to be dealt with apart from the rest of their region. Such countries have their own monthly cut-off numbers which are generally below that of their region (See Egypt in the Africa region; and Iran and Nepal in the Asia region, FY 2020). That is quite normal, and does not present any inconvenience to applicants from the countries concerned. It’s just a way of dealing with realities in those countries which are not the same as those in the rest of the region.

How to determine your approximate interview date

The way to determine your DV interview date approximately is by looking at VBs from recent years to see in which month case numbers close to yours were scheduled for interview. Once you determine that, you then extrapolate; i.e. you somewhat conclude that your case number would be scheduled for interview around the same time as other numbers close to it were, the year(s) before.

Let’s consider the above table for the the sake of explanation. When the results are released in just over a week’s time, we can say that someone in the Europe Region with a Case Number 3500 will most certainly be scheduled for interview in November. That is because case numbers around 3500 were scheduled in November during the DV 2018 and DV 2019 Programs. (Update: And that is what actually happened. See FY 2020).

This is how one goes about determining his/her interview month. That’s why we usually use the word “approximate” when predicting one’s interview time. When it comes to the exact date of the interview, you only get to know it when you receive your NL2 in which all your interview details will be spelled out.

Exercise Some Level of Caution

It could be tricky if your case number is close to a past cut-off number. In that case, it could fall in either of the months bordering that cut-off number this time around.

Moreover, whenever there is a major change in the DV procedure, it affects how cases are scheduled. Certain procedural changes may speed up the rate of interviews scheduled, thereby increasing the cut-off numbers during the fiscal year, while others tend to slow down that rate, and consequently reduce the cut-off numbers.

When procedural change occur in the DV process, a new cut-off numbers pattern takes place and continues until another major procedure comes into play some time down the road to establish a new trend.

Example of Effect Caused by Procedural Change

The latest major change in DV procedure (at the time of publishing this article) occurred at the beginning of this fiscal year (from October 2018). You can learn about what that change entails in this article I published a couple of months ago. Considering the table above, one notice that this latest change in procedure mainly affected the Africa region. It is the only region among the six that experienced significant drop in its cut-off numbers at the beginning of the fiscal year. All others appear quite normal. The effect was however ‘normalized’ some time around the middle of the fiscal year.

8 thoughts on “What is Visa Bulletin?

  1. Please the months that have current in them like
    africa fy2019 month of August and September means what?, Because my wife’s case numer is 37405 and still yet have not been scheduled for an interview, has it ended or there is still a possibility of been scheduled this year

    1. Hi Beni, and thanks for visiting our website to get some clarity.

      When a region has “current” in a given month, that means for that month, there’s no backlog of cases at KCC for that region. I intend to write an article to explain the entire process in a very simple manner. The “current’ issue will be largely discussed in it.

      Now, concerning your wife’s case, I’m afraid that it might be late. (Read my latest article; it deals with that issue). However, there may still be VERY LITTLE hope. I’m saying this because as I write this response, the September Visa Bulletin which should officially announce the beginning of interviews for DV-2020 has not yet been released (and it’s overdue).

      I do not know if the delay is meant to consider a number of DV-2019 cases, since this year is believed to be under-issued. But even that will be a miracle.

      So the answer to your question rests with the publication of the September VB. If it begins with the cut-off numbers for DV-2020, then there’s no hope for your wife. But if, on the other hand, it somehow refers to DV-2019 (which I insist is unheard of), then she may still be in. Only the Sept VB will provide a definite answer.

  2. Hello!
    I’ve read so much on your site and I’m so glad I was able to educate myself on the information you provided. I have a question though and it has to do with the scheduling of interview. My case number is 2021OC000028XX and I’ve seen that it’s most likely to become current in June or July. My question is, let’s say my case number becomes current in June, when will I receive an email for an interview and which month will my interview take place?

    Thanks

    1. Hi Ell:

      Thank you for taking the time to visit our website. You’re always welcome.

      Under normal circumstances, interview takes place during the month the case number becomes current. So, if your case number becomes current in June, it means your interview will normally be conducted in June. And you will normally receive the email and consequently your NL2 two months earlier, in April.

      (That is why the VB announces the case numbers to become current two months ahead. And it’s at that same time – when the case numbers to become current are announced in the VB – that the emails and NL2 are sent out to the applicants concerned). That is what happens under normal circumstances.

      But remember, these are not normal times. If the DV program remains in its current state of uncertainty (which we don’t hope for), then things may play out differently.

  3. Hello Trodvies,
    I’m quite glad to find your article explaining in detail about the Visa Bulletin. I’m still unclear about the tentative date of interview. I would be thankful if you could explain my case. My case number is 2021AS450 from Nepal. So I guess that makes my rank number as 450. The VB for September 2020 says ” THE DIVERSITY (DV) IMMIGRANT CATEGORY RANK CUT-OFFS WHICH WILL APPLY IN OCTOBER” is 1050 for Nepal. So does this mean I will receive an email in October and interview will be scheduled for December, Or does it mean I should already have received an email on August for an interview on October?
    Thanks.

    1. Hi Raj, and thanks for stopping by.

      With 1050 as cut-off for Nepal for the month of October, under normal circumstances, you should have received your interview notification letter in August, scheduling you for interview in October. That would have been the case in the absence of COVID-19 and the consequent ban on immigration which is currently in place.

      But you are not the only one affected. Applicants from all over the world who should have received their interview notification letters in August and September HAVEN’T, due to the prevailing situation.

  4. hello! thanks for being a great source of information to me. I am great full!
    I am a winner of dv 2021 and I had submitted my ds260 form since last year. my case number is 2021AF70***
    I have not received any message from KCC yet and I wish to know if I must wait for their email before submitting my documents or I can go ahead and submit them without the email.
    and please I wish to be clarified on this as well, I entered the ds260 form without including the leading zeros on my case number (I. e 2021AF70*** instead of 2021AF00070***). please can this cause any problem? my mind hasn’t been at peace for a long time

    1. Hi. Sorry for the late response to your question. I have been ‘absent’ for a while so it’s just now I’m finding your questions. Hope my reply will still serve.

      1. Go ahead and submit them without receiving the email. Interviews are starting very late this year, so do not wait. Moreover, you won’t be penalized for doing so.
      2. Relax your mind. It doesn’t cause any problem.

      All the best!

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